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Choose two out of the following six questions and answer them using the material


Choose two out of the following six questions and answer them using the materials from the readings, screenings, and class lectures and discussions. The answer to each question should be organized as a short essay. This means it should make a claim that answers some of the specific questions posed in the description of each topic. Your introduction paragraph must have a thesis statement/overall claim. The main body of the essay must further elaborate on your argument and use material from the films and the readings in support and as illustrations of this argument. For the individual responses, you should be in the 400 – 600-word range. In other words, all responses should add up to approximately 800 – 1,200 words in total. The overall length of any part should not be more than three pages. To cite your sources, please list (name). You do not have to include a separate bibliography, but you should cite your sources In notes. You will save your final response in PDF format and submit it on the Moodle page link before 5 pm on December 9th. Questions 1. Describe and analyze the main characteristics of early cinema and its changes within the first twenty years of cinema. How did cinema manage its evolution from a technological invention to a viable industry? In your response you may discuss either the formal characteristics of early films, or the production and exhibition practices that informed them, or both. You may use examples of films screened or discussed in class, or from the readings. 2. During the term, we have viewed numerous films produced in Germany during the Weimar era or the subsequent Nazis period. How was the chaos or instability of the nation reflected in these films: thematically, ideologically or aesthetically? For your response, select two films and through close analysis, illustrate how the German identity/ethos of the period manifests itself in your chosen films. What role or impact did this film play in expressing the national spirit and times? 3. Several of the films we have viewed explore the trauma of their times through the lens of the Crime genre, offering their viewers characters and situations where criminal enterprise threatens civil society. What impact do these vicarious encounters with that which is taboo or illegal? Do these films serve to manage dissent, either by allowing a glimpse into the forbidden before shutting it out, or perhaps opening the terrain to express ideas in an allegorical “safe” space? 4. Grierson’s “First principles” represent an early conception of the role and value of non-fiction cinema for didactic purposes. Select two films from the course, and using these as your base texts, explore the ways and means that they either exemplify the Griersonian ideal OR how they divert from that model. In either instance, do the films succeed in fulfilling the apparent goals of their filmmaker? Is there a visible tension between the probable goals of the filmmakers and the institutional agenda of their parent producer? If so, how do the films resolve these tensions? 5. During the term, we have viewed examples of films which are products of different production systems. These different systems exhibit some common traits, but they also offer us variety in the results of their productions. We witness variations in style, the use of “stars” and we see film made under vary different circumstances of control. Choose a minimum of two examples from different centers of production and contrast the films. Looking at the films which emerge from these different systems, what key elements are notable? What traits serve to define these different systems? I want you to choose either the 1st or the 2nd question and to respond it .