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1.Latitude and Longitude are based on the concept that a full circle can be divided up into ______ degrees.180460903602.Why do we have leap years?The Earth completes its orbit around the sun faster each yearIt takes the Earth 365.24 days to complete its orbit around the sunIt takes the Earth 365 days to complete its orbit around the sunThe Earth is slowing on its orbit3.The equatorial bulge is due tothe gravitation attraction of the Sunthe orbital force of the earth on it’s orbitthe gravitation attraction of the Moonthe centrifugal force of Earth rotation4.Who originally developed the GPS we use today?The National Geographic SocietyPtolemy and Early BabyloniansU.S. Department of DefensePythagoras5.Broadly speaking, geography can be divided into ________ geography and __________ geography. (Mark two answers).HumanRockPhysicalEmotionalChemical6.Which of the following patterns of pressure will you experience traveling from the equator to the north pole?high -low – high – lowlow – low – high – highhigh – high -low – lowlow – high – low – high7.Which layer in the atmosphere filters out most of the incoming Ultraviolet rays.IonosphereExosphereOzonophere8.How does a barometer work? (Mark all that apply)It reports atmospheric pressure in millibars or inchesTrends in the barometer (up or down) can forecast changes in the weatherIt measures the rainfall in inchesIt measures the force exerted by the atmosphere on a substance9.In what layer of the atmosphere do humans live?ionospherestratospheremesospheretroposphere10.On the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere, at which latitude are the sun’s rays perpendicular to?Group of answer choicesAntarctic CircleEquatorNorth PoleTropic of CapricornTropic of cancer11.What are the “constant gasses” in the atmosphere? (mark all that apply).Carbon DioxideArgonNitrogenOxygen12.What would a GPS be NOT be useful for?Obtaining high resolution satellite imagesNavigating to a restaurantMaking a mapGeocaching13.Insolation maxima are found in the ____________________of the earth.along the equatorpolar regionsmidlatitudestropical and subtropical deserts14.A seasonal mood variation believed to be related to light is _______ .Seasonal Affective DisorderSnow BlindnessAlbedo DisorderSunburn15.Geography is the study of the distributions and interrelationships of _______ phenomenaGeometryEarthTimeSpace16.Which of the following geographic coordinates is INCORRECT because it does not exist? N 0° 00’ 00.1”N 89° 55’ 00.1”N 90° 00’ 00.0”N 34° 08’ 66.6”17.On Earth, there is an energy _______ at the poles, and an energy surplus at the tropics. deficitsurplus18.Air _____ at the surface and ______ above a low pressure systemdiverges; divergesdiverges; convergesconverges; divergesconverges; converges19.A wind from the ______ would be called a southerly wind.northeastsouthwest20.Which of the following objects would have the lowest albedo?grasslight roofasphaltsnow21.The global pattern of lightning strikes changes according to seasons.TrueFalse22.What climate region has the most consistent temperatures?Polar/HighlandDesertTropicalMesothermalMicrothermal23.Tornadoes are spawned from severe ___________.thunderstormshaillightningsnow24.Where do all tropical cyclones form? (Mark all that apply).In the tropicsIn the Easterly wind beltOver the oceanIn the Westerly wind belt25.Of the five main groups of Koppen climates, which letter best represents the climate at Pasadena City College?ADBCE26.When a warm and cold air mass come together ______ lifting occurs.convergentconvectionalorographicfrontal27.As a hurricane’s atmospheric pressure decreases, its’ storm surge increases.TrueFalse28.What causes thunder?lightningtornadossteep pressure gradientshail formation29.Instrumental observations (past 157 yrs) show temperatures at Earth’s surface have ________ globally, with important regional variations.DeclinedRisenNot changedNot enough data to tell30.Evidence for global warming can be found in every part of the Earth system. Besides well documented changes in air temperature, global warming is has also been documented…. (Mark ALL that apply).causing glacers to growaffecting plant and animal distributioncausing sea level to riseheating the world’s oceans31.Which of the five main groups of Koppen climates (that are designated by capital letters in your textbook) does the following climograph best represent?Group of answer choicesCEDBA32.Though a few scientists remain skeptical, there is a a growing consensus that the present day warming is real and ___________ are driving it.natural cycleshumans33.Why does lightning occur? (Mark all that apply)buildup of electrical energy polarity between areas within a cumulonimbus cloudEnormous electrical dischargesbuildup of electrical energy polarity between the cloud and the ground34.Why do coastal areas flood when tropical cyclones make landfall? (Mark all that apply).Tsunami’sStorm surgeLarge amounts of precipitationQuestion 35______________ is the study of the long-term state of the atmosphere.MeteorologyClimatologyOceanographyWeather Studies36.You are outside playing soccer when you hear thunder in the distance. What should you do?Leave the field because you are in striking distance of lightning.Take immediate cover under a tree, umbrella, or metal canopy.Continue playing soccer, until you can see lightning you are not in danger.Lie down face first in the nearest ditch or low lying area.37.What is the major difference between weather and climate?the duration of timesolar insolationatmospheric conditionsdaylength38.Where does the past 150 years of instrumental climate data come from? (Mark all that apply).ThermometersIce coresSediment CoresCoral reefsBarometers39.Which of the following atmospheric events are associated with cumulonimbus clouds? (Mark all that apply).hailhigh pressurelightningtornados40.Tropical cyclones in the northern hemisphere rotate ____________counterclockwiseclockwise41.Using two to three paragraphs and in your own words, using college level writing, describe seasons to someone who has a high school education but has never studied the process. You should include a few basic definitions and descriptions and discuss the following: What are seasons?
Why do seasons occur?
When do seasons occur and what are the four important dates associated with them?
NOTE: If any part of this answer is copied the internet or your textbook (i.e. plagiarized), you will recieve a 0 on this entire exam.42.Using two to three paragraphs and in your own words, using college level writing, describe climate change to someone who has a high school education but has never studied the process. You should include a few basic definitions and descriptions and discuss the following: What is climate change?
Why is climate change occurring?
How do we know climate change is caused by humans?
NOTE: If any part of this answer is copied the internet or your textbook (i.e. plagiarized), you will recieve a 0 on this entire exam.
Requirements: .doc file