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Original HW post Barriers to CareSuicide and homicide are violent actions reported in the news daily. Individuals suffering from abuse, depression, mental disorders, or substance-abuse disorders are at an increased risk for committing suicide or homicide. Factors that contribute to the risk are age, gender, socio-economic status, and race/ethnicity. Additionally, situations that cause extreme life or job stress, such as those seen when a loved one dies or by military personnel, can contribute to the risk. Chapter 6 of your course text highlights barriers to care relating to the vulnerable and this population group in particular. For this discussion:Locate and share statistical data for your community on annual suicide and homicide rates.
Identify and briefly describe one organizational barrier and one financial barrier relating to the suicide- and homicide-prone.
Create two recommendations on ways each of these barriers can be reduced or eliminated.
Identify two local resources available for suicide- or homicide-prone individuals. Discuss which services are offered and whether the services fully meet the needs of the population.
Your initial contribution should be 250 to 300 words in length. Your research and claims must be supported by your course text and at least one other scholarly source. Use proper APA formatting for in-text citations and references as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.Guided Response: Review several of your classmates’ posts. Provide a substantive response (minimum of 100 words) to at least two of your peers. Contrast your research to your peers’ findings in terms of barriers. Are your peers’ recommendations feasible?Classmate #1Racheal BingleBarriers — Suicide- & Homicide-ProneSuicide & Homicide Rates — North CarolinaAnalyzing annual suicide and homicide rates for my community was an eye-opening experience. In my state of North Carolina, the suicide rate is much higher in men than in women. Comparatively, female suicide rates for 2020 were 6.1 deaths per 100,000 and 23.4 deaths per 100,000 for males (United Health Foundation, 2020, Suicide in North Carolina). North Carolina suicide rates greatly vary based on race and age. The suicide rates for black, Hispanic, and white populations per 100,000 are 5.8, 6.1, and 18.4 (United Health Foundation, 2020, Suicide in North Carolina). The suicide rates are clearly much higher in white populations. The age group with the highest suicide rates in North Carolina is 45-54, with 21.1 deaths per 100,000 (United Health Foundation, 2020, Suicides in North Carolina).Homicide rates in North Carolina are on the rise. A statistics report highlights the homicide rate change from 2018 to 2019. Violent crime rates increased by 14% (North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation, 2020, Table 1). Within the section of violent crime rates, there is an additional distinction made which states that murder rates, specifically, rose from 5.8 per 100,000 persons to 6.7 per 100,000, which represents another 14.5% increase from 2018 to 2019 (North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation, 2020, Table 1).Organizational & Financial BarriersOrganizational barriers make up the external limitations for a person, in this case, the suicide- and homicide-prone. As we read in our text, these types of behaviors are rooted in a “mix of mental health problems and socioeconomic inequality” (Burkholder & Nash, 2013, Ch. 6.1 Suicide- and Homicide-Liable Persons para. 1). Mental health struggles alone or paired with any lower-income environment limits the resources available. Health care locations may be more “limited” (Burkholder & Nash, 2013, Ch. 6.1) and needs to go unmet, which leads to the ultimate ending in suicide or homicide situations.Financial barriers exist when funding is not available to effectively and thoroughly educate and provide guidance for those who may be suicide- and homicide-prone. The programs designed to educate and dissuade the path, including suicide and homicide, are “historically underfunded and plagued by delivery problems” (Burkholder & Nash, 2013, Ch. 6.2). The most unfortunate piece is stated in our text that reminds us, “violence prevention programs cost hospitals and trauma centers significantly less than does treating victims of violence” (Burkholder & Nash, 2013, Ch. 6.2).Reducing BarriersA recourse plan in serving those prone to suicide and homicide is to allocate more energy and resources into prevention and education. Organizational and financial barriers can be diminished and reduced with heightened advocates working in problematic areas. Knowing that lower socioeconomic areas have less access to early education regarding awareness and understanding the importance of avoiding suicide and homicide is an excellent start. The more children know from an early age, to be reinforced at each primary level, instills a basis to create more confident and well-rounded adults who would not act on suicide or homicidal motions. Financial barriers can be reduced or eliminated through fundraising, scientific findings, funds allocations from donors, and government programs’ creation to allocate additional money for these educational resources.Local ResourcesTwo local resources available are the Suicide Prevention Resource Center and Crime Prevention Programs. The Suicide Prevention Resource Center offers a step-by-step guide for handling problematic moments where suicide is seen as a viable option. These steps include addressing strategic planning, keys to success, and an overall comprehensive approach (Suicide Prevention Resource Center, n.d. Effective Prevention). Additionally, there are numerous resources and programs made explicitly available through this site. This local resource is greatly ensuring that suicide-prone people are given every opportunity to work through their situation and come out the other side in a healthier place mentally and overall. Connectivity and education are welcoming and thorough.Homicide and crime prevention programs are available in North Carolina. This program acts as a comprehensive community effort to look out for each other and diminish the crimes committed. The strategy is meant to dissuade crime and homicide from taking place through means of accountability. The backbone of this type of program is “based on the concept of people looking out for one another and to send a message to potential criminals that someone is watching” (Fayetteville Police, n.d. Community Watch). This resource advocates mostly for keeping homicide low but does not effectively redirect the person who may be homicide-prone. This resource could be strengthened by adding a resource for someone to access work through their impulses and learn redirected behaviors safely.References:Fayetteville Police. (n.d.). Crime Prevention Programs. https://www.fayettevillenc.gov/city-services/polic…North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation. (2020). Crime in North Carolina – 2019. Annual Summary Report. http://crimereporting.ncsbi.gov/Reports.aspxSuicide Prevention Resource Center. (n.d.). Effective suicide prevention: getting started. https:// www.sprc.org/effective-suicide-preventionUnited Health Foundation. (2020). Annual Report. https://www.americashealthrankings.org/ explore/annual/measure/Suicide/state/NCClassmate #2Daniel LopezLocate and share statistical data for your community on annual suicide and homicide rates.In 2016, suicide was the third leading cause of death for individuals living in Los Angeles County between the ages of 15 to 24. This age bracket also had the highest rates of suicide attempts with more males dying from the act. In terms of gender, more males die from suicide attempts than do females. More females survive the suicide experience as their self-inflictions tend to be non-lethal. Thus, a large percentage of women who commit suicide end up in emergency rooms or become hospitalized for recovery. Overall, the highest rates of suicide and suicide related deaths in Los Angeles County are among White individuals followed by Latinos and Blacks (LA County Department of Public Health, 2018).On a national scale, individuals between the ages of 20 – 24 experienced the highest rates of homicide in 2017. Homicide rates were greater among men than women. Most homicide cases pertaining to women involved a former intimate partner. Of all ethnic groups, African Americans experienced the most cases of homicide with a firearm being the most common weapon of injury. Homicide was the leading cause of death for black males ages 15 – 34 and the second leading cause of death for African American males between the ages of 1 -14 (Petrosky et al., 2020).Identify and briefly describe one organizational barrier and one financial barrier relating to the suicide- and homicide-prone.One organizational barrier affecting individuals at risk for suicide and homicide is the lack of effective therapeutic and behavioral interventions in schools. As previously mentioned, teens and young adults living in the United States have high rates of suicide and homicide due to a variety of factors which include unmanageable psychological struggles, history of trauma or abuse, bullying, or the stress from living in poverty. Studies show that elementary aged students of color who come from low socioeconomic backgrounds will experience ongoing mental health issues due to a lack of financial resources, insufficient community services, and the stigma associated in receiving this type of assistance. (Lambie, 2019). Thus, many of these students will not receive the behavioral and mental health resources from an institution they spend a vast majority of hours in. Educational systems should have a list of referral networks that can be easily accessible for inquiring students or their parents.Financial barriers relating to suicide and homicide include a lack of financial investments in low economic communities. Communities that lack jobs and resources will experience greater socio-economic disadvantages, health disparities, and mental health problems. People living in these areas may experience ongoing stress due to financial struggles, loss of employment, and job insecurity. The impact of these stresses may lead to suicidal ideation or hostile environments (Burkholder & Nash, 2013).Create two recommendations on ways each of these barriers can be reduced or eliminated.Suicide is preventable if people know where to get help. A vast majority of teens and young adults are glued to their phones as they stream through social media applications such as Facebook or Instagram. Suicide prevention hotlines and affiliated organizations can promote the availability of their resources through social media advertisements. With enough media play, those at risk for suicide can obtain some form of assistance with the touch of a phone application.Homicide rates are high in communities of color that lack jobs and resources. Therefore, an initiative to create vocational programs that teach various job skills should be established. Creating a well-equipped work force may help reduce delinquency, crime, and violence.Identify two local resources available for suicide- or homicide-prone individuals. Discuss which services are offered and whether the services fully meet the needs of the population.Individuals at risk for homicide are African American males from impoverished neighborhoods with limited access to services. Having the technical and educational skills needed to land a good paying job is required to avert situations that can lead to violent acts. As such, there currently exists a local vocational center in an urban part of Los Angeles. The name of the school is called the East Los Angeles Occupational Center. The campus offers courses in accounting, computer technology, electrician services, pharmacy technician, x-ray technician, and radiologic technology services. All applicants must be over the age of 17 and have a high school diploma (East Los Angeles Occupational Center, 2020). The services the campus offers meets the needs of the population as it provides vocational education at a reduced and affordable cost. It will prepare at risk individuals with the job skills needed to gain financial opportunities.Homicide rates are high for black males between the ages of 1-14. As such, this age group may benefit from the Jeopardy Program offered by the Los Angeles Police Department. The program focuses on at risk youth between the ages 10 -17 who are affiliated with gang members or who have a history of delinquency. Eligible children are referred to counseling services and are motivated by program personnel to enroll in sports activities such as boxing, football, or martial arts. The goal of the program is to create a safe place for children who live in urban neighborhoods surrounded by crime, poverty, and gangs. Creating a safe environment can ultimately decrease the risk of homicide for these individuals (Los Angeles Police Department, 2020).References:Burkholder, D. M., & Nash, N. B. (2013). Special populations in health care [Electronic version]. Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/ (Links to an external site.)East Los Angeles Occupational Center. (2020). https://www.elaoc.net/LA County Department of Public Health (2018). The Public Health Impact of Suicide in Los Angeles County. http://www.publichealth.lacounty.gov/ovp/docs/Suicide%20Prevention/Impact_of_Suicide_Brief_2018.pdf (Links to an external site.)Los Angeles Police Department. (2020). Gang Prevention and Intervention. https://www.lapdonline.org/juvenile_division/content_basic_view/735 (Links to an external site.)Lambie, G. W., Solomon, C., Joe, J. R., Kelchner, V. P., & Perleoni, M. K. (2019). School-Based Mental Health Counseling Intervention with Students in Title I Elementary Schools. Children & Schools, 41(3), 161–168. https://doi-org.proxy-library.ashford.edu/10.1093/cs/cdz011 (Links to an external site.)Petrosky, E., Ertl, A., Sheats, K. J., Wilson, R., Betz, C. J., & Blair, J. M. (2020). Surveillance for Violent Deaths — National Violent Death Reporting System, 34 States, Four California Counties, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, 2017. MMWR Surveillance Summaries, 69(8), 1–37. https://doi-org.proxy-library.ashford.edu/10.15585/mmwr.ss6908a1 (Links to an external site.)
Requirements: .doc file | Discussion | 1 pages, Single spaced