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Please write in an OSCOLA format. And use all the Academic Books [search the boo

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Please write in an OSCOLA format. And use all the Academic Books
[search the books on Google Scholar], Law Cases, Statues and information
I provided you on each point, you may want to put the points in order
as I would like sub-headings. You may include
your own information if you feel things are missing.
The question of the coursework is : ‘Despite the fact some
consider it a cruel, inhuman, and degrading form of punishment, the use
of death penalty, can be justified by the principal, theories of
punishment in the United Kingdom’
Information on the question I would like you to include in the Coursework:
1: Please speak on the UK only and provide an argue aganist and
for/support death penalty throughout the coursework. Questions to
consider: What type of offences should death penalty be used for and
why? Should death penalty be used in the 21st century
if not why? The aftermath of death penalty the effect it may have on
the family members, friends etc. I would also like you to include
parliamentary debates.
Please include this report for discussion:

UK Government policy on abolition of the death penalty


UK Cases:
Murder of John Alan West Peter v Anthony Allen and Gwynne Owen Evans
Book to include for discussions:
A European Psychiatrist’s View of the Death Penalty by John Gunn, The Wiley International Handbook on Psychopathic Disorders and the Law, 477-495, 2020
Changing attitudes to punishment: Public opinion, crime and justice, Julian V Roberts, Mike Hough, JM Hough, Routledge, 2002
Republicans, Martyrology, and the Death Penalty in Britain and
Ireland, 1939–1990, David Matthew Doyle, Journal of British Studies 54
(3), 703-722, 2015
2: Please include all the following theories provided below to
help you explain why death penalty should occur again or not in the UK
provide a balance opinion with theories. Try and find at least 1
theorist for each justification when explaning for example
I have provided Kantian in regards to retributivism.
JUSTIFICATIONS OF PUNISHMENT
Retributivism: Please speak about KANTIAN
Just Deserts
Proportionality
Utilitarianism:
Deterrence
Public/Social Protection or Incapacitation
Rehabilitation
(Restorative justice and redress)
3: Please include s142 Criminal Justice Act 2003 as the sentencing
set out. And The Murder (The Abolition of the Death Penalty) Act 1965 a
lot.
4: Provide a critique of the Criminal Justice System such as alternative justice
I would like you to speak about restorative justice in the
Coursework please speak about the work of Albert Elglash I have provided
you information below alongside theoretical roots of restorative
justice I would like you to reference to (include all
in the bibilography) and assessment of restorative justice.
Information:
The term ‘restorative justice’ is sometimes traced to the work of
Albert Eglash (1958) who distinguished between 3 types of justice:
Retributive Justice – in which the primary focus is the fair
punishment of the offender (on basis of just deserts and
proportionality).
Distributive Justice – where the primary aim is the fair allocation of resources in society.
Restorative Justice (RJ) – which is primarily concerned with restitution.
THEORETICAL ROOTS OF Restorative Justice
Nils Christie – Conflicts as Property
John Braithwaite – Reintegrative Shaming
Travis Hirschi – Control Theory
David Matza and Gresham Sykes – Neutralisation Techniques
Sherman and Strang’s 2007 report (‘Restorative Justice: The Evidence’) found that Restorative Justice.
reduced reoffending for some offenders but not all
reduced victims post-traumatic stress
reduced victims desire to seek revenge
increased victims satisfaction with CJS
reduced costs if offender diverted from prison
Shapland’s study for the MoJ in 2001 also found that the majority of victims were engaged and satisfied.
5: Issues I would like you to consider and write about when discussing for and aganist:
Are offenders really remorseful?
Is it a sufficient response to serious offending?
Is it sufficiently punitive?
Problems with alternative dispute resolution and the loss of due process rights.
Should victims be involved in the CJS? Dangers of arbitrariness.
Is there pressure on victims to comply with RJ?
6: Please speak about the History of the Death Penalty in the UK
(Black Act 1723) I would also like to speak briefly about. It would also
be interesting to touch on the English Convicts in Australia 1-4 lines
regarding death penalty but more on Black
Act 1723 history and try and find out more British history regarding
death penalty and whether it work or not.
I have provided you information I want you include: For example,
at one point, 220 offences were punishable by death.Many of these
offences were introduced by the Whig Oligarchy to protect power/elite
class, i.e. via the Black Act 1723, which introduced
50 capital offences for property crimes (theft, ‘poaching’)Executions
were most commonly used for murder, burglary and robbery.
England was notorious for executions based on property offences.
7: Include one paragraph of death penalties around the world that is still allowed.
For example America, Saudi Arabia etc.
EU Cases:
Stanislaw and Ilya Kostsew
American Cases:
Gregg v Georgia 428 US [1976] Glossip et al v Gross et al, Case 14-7955 US Supreme Court [2015] Atkins v. Virginia 536 U. S. 304 [2002] Furman v Georgia 408 US 238 [1972] Gideon v. Wainwright
Book to use for this discussion:
Why Vietnam continues to impose the death penalty for drug offences: a narrative commentary by Hai Thanh Luong International Journal of Drug Policy 88, 103043, 2020
Hardening of the attitudes: Americans’ views on the death penalty , Phoebe C Ellsworth, Samuel R Gross , Journal of Social Issues 50 (2), 19-52, 1994
8: Please write a paragraph about religious viewpoints on the
reasons aganist or for death penalty. For example focus on Islam,
Catholic, Judaism and Christianity.
Please include this article for discussion:
https://scholarship.law.wm.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1370&context=wmborj
9: Speak about the effect of Human Rights and what EU member states think about death penalty.
Information to include:
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/ATAG/2019/635516/EPRS_ATA(2019)635516_EN.pdf
https://moritzlaw.osu.edu/osjcl/wp-content/uploads/sites/123/2019/12/Quigley_Production-Edits.pdf
Book to use for this discussion:
Extradition and the death penalty: Reconsidering the margin of
appreciation under Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights
Yuanchi JiaLancaster University, 2020
Wikipedia Information to guide you:
Capital punishment is a matter of active controversy in several countries and states, and positions can vary within a single political
ideologyor cultural region. In the European Union (EU), Article 2 of the Charter
of Fundamental Rights of the European Union prohibits the use of capital punishment.The Council
of Europe, which has 47 member states, has sought to abolish the use of the death penalty by its members absolutely, through Protocol
13 of the European Convention on Human Rights. However, this
only affects those member states which have signed and ratified it, and they do not include Armenia, Russia,
and Azerbaijan. The United
Nations General Assembly has adopted, throughout the years from 2007 to 2018, seven non-binding resolutions calling for a global
moratorium on executions, with a view to eventual abolition
Websites to help you in your research:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capital_punishment_in_the_United_Kingdom
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_(Abolition_of_Death_Penalty)_Act_1965
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capital_punishment
https://www.britannica.com/topic/capital-punishment/Arguments-for-and-against-capital-punishment
Requirements: .doc file