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please select tje correct answerJamie is studying changes in church affiliation

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please select tje correct answerJamie
is studying changes in church affiliation by analyzing and
reinterpreting survey results gathered by other groups in various
surveys on religion over the last 20 years. Which research method is
Jamie employing?
survey
experiment
field research
secondary data analysis
2.5 points
Question 2
Latonya is conducting a survey at a very small college, asking
participants about their thoughts on social interactions at college
parties. She then attends several college parties and observes the
actual social interactions to help determine whether the survey was
measuring what Latonya is interested in studying. Latonya is trying to
determine if her survey has which of the following?
validity reliability informed consent funding source information
2.5 points
Question 3
Riley planned an experiment involving holding participants in an
elevator for 6 hours, but only advised participants that the study would
take 6 hours and did not advise that those 6 hours would be in an
elevator. What ethical guideline is being violated here?
confidentiality informed consent validity value neutrality
2.5 points
Question 4
Johan is researching trends and changes in college dating
behavior, and first analyzes data from two previous studies that
researched dating practices. Next, Johan will gather data on what
students think about their personal dating experiences, and then will
observe actual dating practices among the students surveyed. Information
about students will be recorded only by a randomly generated number,
rather than by the student’s name, to ensure that each individual
participant is anonymous. Johan’s colleague plans to repeat these
procedures with a separate group of similar students prior to
publication of the results. Lastly, all findings will be reported to the
sociological community, and funding sources for this research will be
made public.
Johan’s use of a randomly generated number, rather than student name, to store the student data helps to ensure ___________.
Reliability Confidentiality Value neutrality Secondary analysis
2.5 points
Question 5
Johan is researching trends and changes in college dating
behavior, and first analyzes data from two previous studies that
researched dating practices. Next, Johan will gather data on what
students think about their personal dating experiences, and then will
observe actual dating practices among the students surveyed. Information
about students will be recorded only by a randomly generated number,
rather than by the student’s name, to ensure that each individual
participant is anonymous. Johan’s colleague plans to repeat these
procedures with a separate group of similar students prior to
publication of the results. Lastly, all findings will be reported to the
sociological community, and funding sources for this research will be
made public.
Johan’s publication of funding sources and sharing of results with
other sociologists are aspects of research related to
__________________.
value neutrality research validity secondary data analysis ASA’s Code of Ethics
2.5 points
Question 6
Latonya is conducting a survey at a very small college, asking
participants about their thoughts on social interactions at college
parties. She then attends several college parties and observes the
actual social interactions to help determine whether the survey was
measuring what Latonya is interested in studying. Latonya is trying to
determine if her survey has which of the following?
reliability informed consent validity funding source information
2.5 points
Question 7
Nadia is researching the effect of various group sizes on the
interactions of preschool children to determine if the children show
more prosocial behaviors when in smaller groups. Over the course of
several days, Nadia arranges the children into groups of 3, 6, or 10
children and records the number of specific kinds of interactions the
children display when in the differing sizes of groups. Which research
method is Nadia using?
secondary data analysis field research survey experiment
2.5 points
Question 8
__________________ is an essential starting point, but to be a
useful tool, research must also actually measure what it is intended to
measure.
Validity Reliability
2.5 points
Question 9
_______________ increases the likelihood that what happens to one person will happen to all people in a group.
Validity Reliability
2.5 points
Question 10
John created a survey and gave it to the same group twice in a
short period of time. He has also used the survey several times with
other groups, and each time the results have been very similar. Which of
the following does this survey have?
field research code of ethics reliability validity
2.5 points
Question 11
Who does heterosexism favor?
homosexuals heterosexuals asexuals bisexuals
2.5 points
Question 12
Which of the following is an example of heterosexism?
Alex is afraid that every gay man he meets will hit on him. Jordan considers herself straight, but she has never dated anyone before. Eventually, other students begin to accuse her of being gay and tease her mercilessly. Two women enter a bakery to test cakes for their wedding. The baker asks which one is the bride. Jonathan was kicked out of his house when he told his parents he was interested in men.
2.5 points
Question 13
Which of these statements represents a view reflective of heterosexism? (Select all that apply.)
Heterosexuality is the “natural” sexuality. Homosexual individuals should keep their sexualities private. Individuals of all sexualities should be treated equally and embraced. Homosexuality is a mental disorder.
2.5 points
Question 14
Sexuality is typically divided into how many categories?
seven two four three
2.5 points
Question 15
Which of these is true about sexual orientation? (Select all that apply.)
Individuals have to participate in sexual activity to be aware of their romantic, emotional and physical attractions. What is considered “normal” is in terms of sexual behavior is based on the mores and values of the society. Individuals are usually aware of their sexual orientation between middle childhood and early adolescence. The United States is a heteronormative society, meaning it supports heterosexuality as the norm.
2.5 points
Question 16
Which of these statements is TRUE about sex?
Sex is determined by psychology. A male who identifies more with the feminine aspects of his culture is considered of female sex. A person’s sex does not always correspond with their gender. Sex varies throughout various cultures.
2.5 points
Question 17
Which of these examples describes the heterosexual sexuality?
Jenna is female and is sexually attracted to males. Claire is female and is not sexually attracted to males or females. Maria is female and is sexually attracted to both males and females. Jacob is male and is sexually attracted to males.
2.5 points
Question 18
Sex refers to ___________ distinctions.
spiritual mental physical emotional
2.5 points
Question 19
Stemming from the HIV/AIDs epidemic, the FDA banned homosexual men
from ever donating blood, stating that men who have sex with other men
were at an increased risk of contracting HIV/AIDS. It bans even men who
have only had sex with another man once, are celibate, or are in
monogamous relationships where both partners have tested negative for
HIV/AIDs. However, science has proven that the risk is no greater than
the risk to heterosexuals. The FDA’s ban is an example of which of the
following?
homosexual identity homophobia transgenderism heterosexism
2.5 points
Question 20
Which of these is an example of transgender identity?
Angelica has her breasts removed to appear more masculine. Mark enjoys wearing clothes pertaining to a woman but identifies as a male. Eileen feels like she should’ve been born male. Charles begins taking female hormones to acquire more feminine traits.
2.5 points
Question 21
Social ranking in closed social stratification systems is often based on which of the following?
family position age all of the above race
2.5 points
Question 22
Prestige refers to which of the following?
status associated with social ranking ability to exercise one’s will over others money received over a period of time total assets a person has at a given time
2.5 points
Question 23
Alyssa attended college and now makes an average income as a
teacher. She spends as much time with her kids as she can and wants them
to work hard and eventually attend college as well. Her husband works
as an electrician, and their combined incomes keeps them comfortable.
Which class does Alyssa belong to?
working class underclass lower-middle class lower-upper class
2.5 points
Question 24
The economic downturn of 2008 caused many people to lose their
jobs and homes. Unemployment was high and there was an increased demand
for social aid services such as food banks and homeless shelters. During
this time, the U.S. experienced which of the following?
structural mobility upward mobility horizontal mobility intergenerational mobility
2.5 points
Question 25
Jamie won the lottery and now has 2 million dollars’ worth of
stocks, bonds, real estate, and other personal property. These things
that Jamie now owns illustrate which of the following?
prestige wealth power income
2.5 points
Question 26
Samuel’s parents were minimally educated and held manual labor and
service jobs. Samuel used scholarships and part-time employment to
afford college, and upon graduation became a registered nurse. Which of
the following is illustrated by Samuel’s situation?
intergenerational mobility downward mobility structural mobility intragenerational mobility
2.5 points
Question 27
Which of the following is a key factor in whether a social stratification system is considered an “open” or a “closed” system?
amount of social mobility layered ranking of members basis of social position ranking unequal distribution of resources
2.5 points
Question 28
Which of the following describes an important aspect of meritocracy?
It is influenced by factors such as inheritance. It is an ideal only and has never existed in reality. It is not influenced by factors such as job performance. It ranks people based on family standing.
2.5 points
Question 29
Jessica works over 40 hours a week at her day job and spends
weekends picking up extra shifts as a waitress at a local restaurant.
Even with two jobs, she is still makes a very limited income and often
cannot pay all her bills on time. Jessica is part of which class?
lower-middle class underclass working class upper-middle class
2.5 points
Question 30
Which of the following terms describes the ranking of all members of a society within a layered hierarchy system?
stratification society status socialization
2.5 points
Question 31
Which of the following is an example of a counterculture?
College students Polygamists Orthodox Jews NFL fans
2.5 points
Question 32
According to the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis _____________________.
countercultures reject the norms and values of the larger society gestures or objects that have meanings associated with them are recognized by people who share a culture a person’s thoughts and actions are determined by the language or languages that person speaks sanctions are a form of social control
2.5 points
Question 33
People understand the world based on their form of language. This is known as _______________.
social control ideal culture the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis real culture
2.5 points
Question 34
Which of the following is an example of ethnocentrism?
While vacationing in Thailand, Troy did not eat any of the local cuisine. He dined at American fast food establishments instead. While vacationing in Thailand, Troy was asked to remove his shoes before entering a home. Although this was something new for him, he politely complied with his host’s request. While vacationing in Thailand, Troy visited many Buddhist temples to learn about Thai religious practices. While vacationing in Thailand, Troy was excited to try the local cuisine and also learned to use chopsticks while eating noodles.
2.5 points
Question 35
Which of the following are elements of culture? (Select all that apply.)
A definable region Religious rituals Laws The flag
2.5 points
Question 36
The practice of evaluating another culture according to the standards of one’s own culture is known as _________________.
cultural imperialism ethnocentrism xenocentrism cultural relativism
2.5 points
Question 37
A new object or idea introduced to a culture for the first time is known as a/an _________________.
discovery innovation invention culture lag
2.5 points
Question 38
The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis is a principle about ______________.
sanctions that form social control countercultures rejecting the norms and values of the larger society gestures or objects that have meanings associated with them being recognized by people who share a culture a person’s thoughts and actions being determined by the language or languages that person speaks
2.5 points
Question 39
A ______________ describes a group of people who share a community and a culture.
culture society subculture counterculture
2.5 points
Question 40
A __________ is way of living that is different from, but is not in opposition to, the dominant culture.
society counterculture community subculture
2.5 points
Question 41
Which of the following leadership styles is characteristic of a
leader who assigns tasks and issues orders without consulting group
members?
laissez-Faire democratic authoritarian
2.5 points
Question 42
Society has certain expectations about how a parent should behave.
Which of these refers to the behaviors associated with the status of
parent?
subculture role institution culture
2.5 points
Question 43
Toyindra meets with her cycling club once a week for a 2-hour
workout. She gets along well with the other members and enjoys the way
they encourage one another, but she rarely sees them in other settings
and wouldn’t say she knows them well. The cycling club is a group for
Toyindra.
secondary primary
2.5 points
Question 44
Joan spends most of her free time with her family; she enjoys
relaxing with them most evenings and having weekend outings together.
Joan’s family is an example of which of the following?
peer group status group primary group agent of socialization
2.5 points
Question 45
A ________________ is called “ascribed” if it is assigned and
cannot be changed, but it is called “achieved” if it must be chosen or
earned.
role status socializing agent
2.5 points
Question 46
Students in a class and workers in an office are examples of which kind of group?
secondary group primary group status group peer group
2.5 points
Question 47
Which term defines a small group in which the members have great importance to one another?
primary group secondary group peer group social group
2.5 points
Question 48
Which kind of group is mostly task-focused and likely to be somewhat impersonal?
secondary group primary group peer group family
2.5 points
Question 49
Bill is part of the computer sales team at work. They meet every
day for 2 hours to discuss strategies and future goals. What type of
group is this?
primary group secondary group status group role group
2.5 points
Question 50
Which of the following terms describes a set of behaviors or pattern of behaviors associated with a social position?
role socialization society status
2.5 points
Question 51
Which of the following terms refers to beliefs, thoughts, feelings, and attitudes that someone holds about a group?
discrimination prejudice stereotypes racism
2.5 points
Question 52
____________refers to differences in body type, and ____________ refers to the practices, values, and beliefs of a group.
Tradition; culture Ethnicity; race Race; ethnicity Culture; tradition
2.5 points
Question 53
Which of the following terms refers to actions against a group of people?
racism prejudice discrimination stereotypes
2.5 points
Question 54
Which of these is an example of pluralism?
a grocery store that carries food items from various countries a Chinese man marries an African American woman a mother instructs her daughter not to speak their native language because they are in a new country a minority group of people begin to wear their hair like the dominant group where they reside
2.5 points
Question 55
Which of these is an example of discrimination?
a restaurant not allowing people of a certain race to dine there disliking Peruvians before meeting anyone from Peru the belief that Judaism is superior to Christianity the belief that all people from Ireland are angry
2.5 points
Question 56
Which of the following terms is a type of prejudice?
discrimination racism gerrymandering stereotypes
2.5 points
Question 57
Considering the social construction of race, which of the following statements is TRUE?
Race is biologically identifiable. Today, people are solely labeled by race based on geographic region and denoted skin tones. Race labels never change and remain in favor throughout history. African Americans can be white (have lighter skin pigments).
2.5 points
Question 58
Ethnicity is a term that describes shared ______________.
bone structure physical characteristics genetics culture
2.5 points
Question 59
Which of the following statements is TRUE?
It is possible for two people to have the same ethnicity, but not be of the same race. It is possible for two people to be of the same race and not have the any physical similarities. It is impossible for two people to have the same religion and not be the same race. It is impossible for two people to have the same values, but not same race.
2.5 points
Question 60
Which of these scenarios are an example of institutional racism? (Select all that apply.)
a Chinese student who meets the requirements being denied access into a predominantly white university actors of color not being able to play a variety of roles in commercials or movies a black driver being pulled over by a police officer for no legitimate reason a group of white children at school not wanting to play with the Indian students
2.5 points Click Save and Submit to save and submit. Click Save All Answers to save all answers.
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