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Aspects that Support Planning Excellence In 4-5 pages, list and discuss:1. What

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Aspects that Support Planning Excellence
In 4-5 pages, list and discuss:1. What types of challenges must global transportation managers deal with? 2. What are free trade agreements and what impact do they have on transportation? 3. What is the purpose of the distribution channel?4. Please compare different transportation modes with respect to strength, limitation, primary role, primary product characteristic, and example products.5. Describe the importance of global route planning. 6. What options do exporters and importers have to manage risk?Write between 750 – 1,250 words (approximately 3 – 5 pages) using Microsoft Word in APA style, see example below.
Use font size 12 and 1” margins.
Include cover page and reference page.
At least 80% of your paper must be original content/writing.
No more than 20% of your content/information may come from references.
Use at least three references from outside the course material, one reference must be from EBSCOhost. Text book, lectures, and other materials in the course may be used, but are not counted toward the three reference requirement.
Cite all reference material (data, dates, graphs, quotes, paraphrased words, values, etc.) in the paper and list on a reference page in APA style.
References must come from sources such as, scholarly journals found in EBSCOhost, CNN, online newspapers such as, The Wall Street Journal, government websites, etc. Sources such as, Wikis, Yahoo Answers, eHow, blogs, etc. are not acceptable for academic writing. LECTURE:The Plan is the Ammunition for Removing Risks and ObstaclesOverviewFreight transportation (e.g., maritime, aviation, rail, and other surface transportation shipping) planning helps align land use plans with the movement of goods through and within local municipalities and regions to support the economic vitality of industries/businesses and reduce the potential for negative impacts (e.g., pollution, congestion, injuries to pedestrians) associated with the movement of freight.Planning is where the money is. While auditing freight bills more efficiently or having more effective ways to communicate with carriers both absolutely add value, the bulk of the value proposition for any transportation initiative lies in the ability to plan better. Whether through improved consolidation, increased asset utilization or just better carrier and equipment selection; the math clearly establishes the importance of effective planning. And the more sophisticated the planning strategies that can be implemented, the more potential value that can be achieved.A well-functioning freight transportation system is an essential element in any successful economy. However, the prediction is that the demand for goods movement will outstrip the rate of improvements to the physical infrastructure. Marked growth in time-sensitive freight markets will tax demands on a system that already is operating near capacity in some areas (Coyle, 2016).Planning TransportationTransportation planning typically follows the following steps: Transportation planning typically follows the following steps:
Engaging the public and stakeholders to establish shared goals and visions for the community
Monitoring existing conditions and comparing them against transportation performance goals
Forecasting future population and employment growth, including assessing projected land uses in the region and identifying major corridors of growth or redevelopment
Identifying current and projected transportation needs by developing performance measures and targets
Analyzing various transportation improvement strategies and their related tradeoffs using detailed planning studies
Developing long-range plans and short-range programs of alternative capital improvement, management, and operational strategies for moving people and goods
Estimating how recommended improvements to the transportation system will impact achievement of performance goals, as well as impacts on the economy and environmental quality, including air quality
Developing a financial plan to secure sufficient revenues that cover the costs of implementing strategies and ensure ongoing maintenance and operation (USDOT, 2012).
Key issues and challenges that will affect freight planning and logistics in the future include the following:The demands for freight transportation and logistics services, and the ability of the physical and information infrastructure to meet these demands
The role of road pricing in urban freight transportation
The impact of information technology on goods movement
New developments in logistics management.
Why Challenges OccurThis situation will result from a combination of factors. First, domestic and international freight demand will continue to grow. Domestically, the consumption of goods will increase as new segments of the population enjoy more effective income. Internationally, the incorporation of the former socialist republics into the world trade system and the expansion of economic activities in developing countries will significantly augment the flow of goods and merchandise. Concurrently, pressure for enhanced economic competitiveness, a consequence of the economic unification of Europe and the resurgence of the Asian economies, will increase. New freight-transport systems must be responsive to user needs and expectations. The trends in service differentiation that have characterized the late 1990s will shape the freight systems in the next century. Consumers will demand more control of the nature of the service they receive. This trend will be accentuated by the availability of information systems and technologies that enable users to specify the kinds of service they require and to integrate their operations effectively with the freight transportation system. In addition, freight planners will have to deal with significant constraints. Additional infrastructure will be increasingly difficult to obtain and possibly undesirable in some Transportation in the New Millennium 2 communities; therefore, more efficient use of existing infrastructure and careful development of new capacity will become increasingly important. Examples of this trend include the implementation of intelligent transportation systems (ITSs) to manage traffic flow, the development of the Alameda Corridor in California, and assessments under way in the New York–New Jersey area for developing exclusive truck routes linking intermodal facilities, new maritime terminals, and a new rail freight tunnel (Delaney, 1999).ConclusionFreight movement uses local, regional, national, and international systems. Cooperation between private and public sectors, requiring changes in both will be needed to ensure a transportation system that meets the freight needs of businesses and consumers. Because customers will require one-stop shopping, freight movement increasingly will be intermodal and multimodal. This trend will accelerate cooperation and coordination between modes and transportation companies (Coyle, 2016).Successful freight transportation providers will offer an increasingly wide array of logistics services or they will partner with well-equipped logistics management firms. The roles are changing for freight transport users, transport providers, and policy makers interested in ensuring the swift and efficient movement of goods, which is vital to the strength of our economy and the prosperity of our communities. Although increased coordination and involvement has started in some regions, a greater effort is needed to achieve a shared vision for freight movement globally.ReferencesABN-ABRO. (2015). Companies in Transport and Logistics need to manage risks. Retrieved from https://www.abnamro.com/en/newsroom/newsarticles/companies-in-transport-and-logistics-need-to-manage-risks.htmlCoyle, John J., Novack, Robert A., Gibson, Brian J. (2016). Transportation: A Supply Chain Perspective (8th Ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.Delaney, R. (1999). A Look Back in Anger at Logistics Productivity. 10th Annual State of Logistics Report. Retrieved from http://www.clm1.org.Dittmann, J. (2014). Managing Risk in the Global Supply Chain: Supply Chain Management Faculty, University of Tennessee. Retrieved from http://globalsupplychaininstitute.utk.edu/publications/documents/Risk.pdfHicks, R. (2013). An Exploration of Healthcare Inventory and Lean Management in Minimizing Medical Supply Waste in Healthcare Organizations. Ann Arbor, MI: ProQuestRodrigue, J. (2015). Risks in Global Supply Chains. The Geography of Transport Systems. Retrieved from https://people.hofstra.edu/GEOTRANS/eng/ch9en/conc9en/supply_chain_risks.htmlUSDOT. (2012). Transportation Risk Management: International Practices for ProgramDevelopment and Project Delivery. Federal Highway Administration Executive Summary. Retrieved from http://international.fhwa.dot.gov/scan/12030/12030.pdfWyman, O. (2009). Factoring “Risk” into Transportation and Logistics Sourcing. Surface Transportation. Retrieved from http://www.oliverwyman.com/content/dam/oliver-wyman/global/en/files/archive/2011/OW_MTE_2009_ShipperSourcing.pdf
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