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Can you help me understand this Health & Medical question?Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated. Aerobic Versus Anaerobic: What is the Difference? [CLOs: 2, 3, 5] [WLOs: 1, 3]After reading Chapter 5 and 6 in the course text and viewing Physical Training Strategies: Preparing for a Purpose: Energy System in the Body, select one of the following: a triathlete, a football player, a gymnast, and one phase of their sport. For example, if you choose the triathlete you can choose the cycling phase of their activity, or if you choose the football player, you could choose the sprint phase of their activity, or if you choose the gymnast, you may choose the backflip phase of their activity.As your athlete performs the chosen activity, discuss whether rapid or slow glycolysis is the most effective means of energy transfer?
What physiological factors contributed to your analysis (e.g. hydrogen release, lactate formation, glucose catabolism, etc.)?
Explain the benefits of lactate for optimal performance of the chosen activity.
Your research and claims must be supported by your course text and a minimum of two additional scholarly sources. Use proper APA formatting for in-text citations and references as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.Guided Response: Review some of your classmates’ posts. Identify at least two classmates who chose a different athlete than you chose and analyze the appropriateness of the type of glycolysis they discussed. Then, explain if you agree with the benefits of lactate identified for their chosen activity. Support your reasoning for each response to your classmates with at least one scholarly source.mine Discussion 1My chosen individual is a footballer and the phase of activity is during sprinting. The phase is important because energy usage is crucial and can be quantified or related to the physiological processes that are in place.During the sprint phase, rapid glycolysis is the most effective way of producing energy to help the footballer meet the energy requirements of the body (Katch, McArdle & Katch, 2015). Necessarily, the footballer requires enough energy to meet the needs of the body during the sprint phase. Rapid glycolysis yields more energy in the form of ATP that is used in the body for supporting the body during the rigorous exercise.The physiological factors that contributed to the analysis are lactate formation whereby during the sprinting, lactate is formed hence calling for more production of energy (Scott & Fountaine, 2013). Additionally, excess hydrogen release during exercise is a significant issue that makes the athlete need more energy in the form of ATP hence rapid glycolysis can help in promoting more energy release (Scott & Fountaine, 2013). Finally, glucose catabolism is a factor during the exercise and calls for a rapid glycolysis process for fastening the process of producing ATP.Lactate has a great benefit in a footballer for sprinting since it is always taken to the liver and converted to glucose and glycogen (Hall 2010). With lactate, more glucose is produced, and therefore the need for rapid glycolysis is accomplished which makes things better and perfect. Essentially, the focus and emphasis are on how things work and the level of precision associated with the same. ReferencesHall, K.D. (2010). Predicting metabolic adaptation, body weight change, and energy intake in humans. Am J PhysiolEndocrinolMetab, 298(3):E449-66.doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00559.2009Katch, V., McArdle, W., & Katch, F. (2015). Essentials of exercise physiology. (5th ed.). Retrieved from https://www.vitalsource.com/Scott, C.B., Fountaine, C. (2013). Estimating the energy costs of intermittent exercise. J Hum Kinet, 38:107-13. doi: 10.2478/hukin-2013-0050Carmen GreeneJan 13, 2021 at 6:07 PMAerobic Versus Anaerobic – The TriathleteRapid or Slow Glycolysis? A triathlete is an endurance athlete who competes in running, cycling, and swimming. Focusing on the running portion of the event, the athlete typically has to run 26.2 miles, and because of this, the most effective means of energy transfer is slow aerobic glycolysis. Rapid anaerobic glycolysis only releases about 5% of the potential energy of a glucose molecule. This is useful for sports that require short, tough spurts of power of roughly 90-second durations but not so much for the endurance runner. Endurance running requires much more, so the remaining energy needed needs to be pulled from slow aerobic glycolysis (Katch et al., 2015). A Russian study done on the best way to train endurance runners found that those trained aerobically were better at adapting to long term endurance work. In contrast, those trained with anaerobic and mixed types of energy metabolism adapted better to speed-power work over endurance (Bakayev & Bolotin, 2020).Physiological factors contributing to my analysis Rapid glycolysis is anaerobic, the end product is lactate, and the process makes ATP much faster, but the amount is limited and not enough for a long endurance race. Slow glycolysis is aerobic. The end product is pyruvate, so further carbohydrate breakdown is needed and a much slower process, but it makes a lot more ATP, which is necessary to keep the endurance runner going (Katch et al., 2015). The benefits of lactate for optimal performance I always thought of lactate as a negative thing causing the side pain when I worked out too hard. It happens when the workout exceeds our circulation’s ability to meet our 02 requirements (Katch et al., 2015). It is our body’s way of maintaining homeostasis, and our text showed me that it accumulates with intense workouts but is a valuable energy source. Hydrogen attached to lactate is used to form more energy or ATP, and lactate is used to replenish glycogen reserves that were depleted during the intense workout. A 2020 study on blood lactate in shock noted that during exercise, the circulating blood lactate metabolism contributed more than twice as much energy as the blood glucose (Levitt et al., 2020). References:Bakayev, V., & Bolotin, A. (2020). Differentiated Training Model for Marathon Runners on Building Tempo and Speed Endurance Based On the Types of Energy Metabolism. Sport Mont, 18(3), 31–34.Katch, V., McArdle, W., & Katch, F. (2015). Essentials of exercise physiology. (5th ed.). Retrieved from https://www.vitalsource.com/Levitt, D. G., Levitt, J. E., & Levitt, M. D. (2020). Quantitative Assessment of Blood Lactate in Shock: Measure of Hypoxia or Beneficial Energy Source. BioMed Research International, 1–24. https://doi-org.proxy- library.ashford.edu/10.1155/2020/2608318
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