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I’m studying for my Nursing class and don’t understand how to answer this. Can you help me study?OverviewIdentify the professional code of ethics for your professional specialty or a specialty that interests you. Describe the decision criteria and analyze each theory using examples and the Ethical Theory Matrix Template.Moral Theories, Principles of Health Care Ethics, and Professional Ethics CodesEthics is a branch of philosophy devoted to the study of morality. Ethics has a long history of theories about distinguishing right from wrong and identifying the principles of living a good life. For this assessment, you will be asked to apply foundational ethical principles such as autonomy and justice in a relevant health care setting./content/listContent.jsp?course_id=_300318_1&content_id=_9571714_1&mode=reset#” aria-expanded=”true”>
Each profession within health care has its own code of ethical behavior to help professionals make sound ethical choices when carrying out the tasks and practices particular to their roles. It may be useful to locate one or more relevant codes of ethics for your current or desired career path. This research will be beneficial to your professional development, and you will have a chance to apply it to case studies in this course.Autonomy, Truth-Telling, and ConfidentialityThese are broad-ranging topics which, if taken alone, are deceptively simple. Of course rational adults should be able to make decisions concerning themselves and their minor children. Of course medical professionals should be honest with patients and patients should be honest with health care team members. Of course one’s medical issues should be kept private. But rarely are things as simple as they seem: there myriad ethical dilemmas beneath the surface.
While honesty is revered in many cultures, many people admit to lying occasionally, particularly when the intent is to spare someone pain, embarrassment, or anguish. Is lying to someone out of love, concern, or to protect one’s reputation ever ethical?
Privacy and confidentiality are also important concepts. But are there limits? Can the greater good ever outweigh individual rights?
And at what point can others, whether an individual or an entity such as a government body, ethically determine someone’s actions, fate, or choices? Fluoridated water, smoking regulations, compulsory K–12 education, and speed limits are only a few examples of how we, as a society, agree to limited personal freedoms because these things are good for us.Resources
Principles of Health Care Ethics data-track=”Resource Link|Ethical Terms and Principles|http://media.capella.edu/coursemedia/PHIFP3200element17986/wrapper.asp|media.capella.edu|/coursemedia/PHIFP3200element17986/wrapper.asp”>Ethical Terms and Principles.Use the flashcards feature to review and test your knowledge of each concept.
Munson, R. (2014). Intervention and reflection: Basic issues in bioethics (Concise ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth. Available in the courseroom via the VitalSource Bookshelf link.Part VI, “Foundations of Bioethics: Ethical Theories, Moral Principles, and Medical Decisions,” pages 467–523.
Ethical Theories in PracticeThis media piece will allow you to test your knowledge of how ethical theories can be applied in real-world situations.Autonomy, Truth-Telling, and ConfidentialityMunson, R. (2014). Intervention and reflection: Basic issues in bioethics (Concise ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth. Chapter 1, “Physicians, Patients, and Others: Autonomy, Truth Telling, and Confidentiality,” pages 3–58.
Case Study ExerciseIn data-track=”Resource Link|Case Study: Missy Smith|http://media.capella.edu/CourseMedia/phi-fp3200element17982/wrapper.asp|media.capella.edu|/CourseMedia/phi-fp3200element17982/wrapper.asp”>Case Study: Missy Smith, Missy requests a pregnancy test from her family’s pharmacist and asks the pharmacist not to share this information with her parents. How would you respond if you were the pharmacist?
Do not answer simply based on what seems intuitively right to you. As you think through this scenario, consider the moral theories that you have read about and researched related to this assessment.
Consider questions such as:Which moral theories are most relevant to this scenario?Which would be most relevant to your current or desired career path?
How can moral theories guide your decision-making processes?How do they help to ensure you are making ethical decisions?
How does this scenario relate to the ideas of autonomy and confidentiality in the context of the overall field of health care?
Asssessment InstructionsPreparation As you begin work on this assessment, it may be helpful to review the suggested resources focused on moral and ethical considerations. For your own reference, you may want to briefly jot down your thoughts related to:The basic principles of health care ethics: nonmaleficence, beneficence, utility, distributive justice, and autonomy.
An explanation of each principle as well as your own example to illustrate the application of each.
InstructionsDrawing from the material covered in the resources as well as your own research, complete this assessment using the Ethical Theory Matrix Template [DOC].For each theory, first describe the decision criteria: the instructions the theory gives for how to reach the morally correct choice in a situation requiring action.
Then, provide your own example of how someone might act using the decision criteria of the theory.
Finally, briefly describe the strengths and weaknesses of each theory using the last two columns of the Ethical Theory Matrix Template.
The suggested resources for this assessment could help you get a start on completing the matrix, but do not hesitate to use any other appropriate resources that you can find online, in the Capella University Library, or elsewhere.
This matrix is a tool you will use throughout the rest of the course. Submit your completed matrix as an attachment to this assessment.Matrix of Ethical Theories Scoring GuideCRITERIADISTINGUISHEDArticulate the time-tested theories of ethics.Articulates the time-tested theories of ethics, and describes how to apply them to contemporary situations.Identify the decision criteria of the time-tested theories of ethics.Identifies the decision criteria of the time-tested theories of ethics, and describes real-world situations where each would be beneficial or a hindrance.Describe the strengths and weaknesses of the time-tested theories of ethics.Describes the strengths and weaknesses of the time-tested theories of ethics, and evaluates the currency and sufficiency of the evidence supporting those theories.