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I need help with a Nursing question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn.discussion promptIn your own words, describe the primary difference between consequentialist and non-consequentialist approaches to ethics.
Choose one of the major theories associated with consequentialism: what objections might be made to this theory?
Choose one of the major theories associated with non-consequentialism: what objections might be made to this theory?
In addition to your main response, you must also post substantive responses to at least two of your classmates’ posts in this thread. Your response should include elements such as follow-up questions, further exploration of topics from the initial post, or requests for further clarification or explanation on some points made by the classmates.
Consequentialist can be described as the judging based on the consequence of an action while a non-consequentialist is the judgement based on the action rather than the consequence of the action. Examples can be seen when outcomes and consequences have to be compared to the action itself. Killing one person to save ten is a perfect example of a consequentialist notion that the outcome is judged rather than the action. Seeing that the outcome is more beneficial, even though ethically wrong, is accepted. And this is often seen as the good outweighs the bad. A non-consequentialist view point views the action as still wrong regardless of the outcome. It has a smaller viewpoint of the consequences but judges based on the action itself. So then it morals can be seen as a direct cause and in this example, the good does not outweigh the bad but rather it is still bad that killing one saves ten. For this class, I’d like to learn more about ethical dilemmas facing nursing practices as there are often many controversial techniques that are often split between the scientific community. And the overall understanding behind some of the psychology behind the accepted nursing practices.
Consequentialism states that no action is neither bad nor good if more people benefits from it. Non-consequentialism states that an action is either bad or good without considering the consequences. Utilitarianism is an ethic theory that is associated with consequentialism. It states that “right acts produce the greatest amount of good for the greatest number of beings” (Pence, 2015). This theory focuses on the outcome of their action. The better the outcome, the more people benefits to the result. Utilitarianism argues that the more people are saved, the better (Consequentialism, n.d.). However, there are people that are opposed to this due to some situations. For example, physicians are legally mandated to treat patients. In a situation such as a hurricane disaster, physicians will focus more on the patients that can be saved rather than wasting their time trying to save one person who has too much complications. An example that Pence included is about utilitarianism allowing to sacrifice a healthy person so that his organs can be used to save five different patients (Pence, 2015). Kantianism is a theory associated with non-consequentialism. It states that “ethics is not a matter of consequences but of duty” (Pence, 2015). Kantianism focuses on the duty, right motives and desires of a person for doing such action. One of the characteristics of Kantianism is that a person’s action relies on their duty. Some objections that are made for Kantianism is doing their duty no matter what and telling the truth at all times . An example would be treating one patient and spending time and money when physicians can save 10 more people (Pence, 2015). It is a duty of physicians to treat every patient they have, however, is it worth trying to revive one patient when they could have saved 10 more. Another example is in clinical trials, not all participants get the actual treatment, some only gets a placebo, however, physicians are not allowed to tell their patients “you are one of the patients that are getting the placebo and not the treatment that can possibly save your life”References:Consequentialism. (n.d.). https://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/introduction/conseque…Pence (2015). Medical Ethics: Accounts of Ground Breaking Cases. McGraw Hill Education, Seventh Edition.
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